INS Arihant, India’s first indigenous nuclear submarine on Tuesday was inducted in Indian navy, though Defence Ministry has maintained silence over the same. Navy and Defence officials believe that such silence was “customary” as the project is ‘top secret’. Sources say that even the Navy is not aware of the submarine’s movements and locations, which are decided by the orders from the highest level.
But there are few unknown facts about INS ARIHANT which you must know –
1 . INS Arihant is the recent firepower to Indian Navy that we can boast about. Its even nuclear and adds a lot of to our defense power that will scare away the threats to India. There is a lot more to this amazing accomplishment of India. Let’s see some more facts that you should know about INS Arihant.
2 . The project of INS started in 1970s. Yes, you read it right, 1970s! Long hail to bureaucracy and Red Tapism, it was finally sanctioned in 1984. In 1998, the work finally began with heavy involvement of private enterprises like L&T etc. In 2009, Arihant was revealed for the first time. But it took more years to develop it because as now of 2016, it is awaited to get inducted in the fleet of Indian Navy. This is probably most amazing fact of INS Arihant.
Please, Do induct it now! What is the government expecting from it? That it will pass an ‘Agni Pariksha‘!
3 . The consultancy for this project was provided by Russia. Russia was also reported to have provided assistance to BARC scientists in miniaturising the reactor to fit into the hull of the nuclear submarine.
Russia has always been a help to India specially giving assistant in Defense. They are however no Six Sigma company because INS Sindhurakshak was a Russian-made submarine and it blasted in the middle of the sea! We keep our fingers crossed for this one.
4 . This is an ambitious project of Indian Navy. There are few more scheduled subs that are on the way in the coming years. At present, work is already in progress on two more Arihant class submarines at the Ship Building Center (SBC) in Vishakhapatnam which will be larger and more advanced than the first boat. It is expected that within 10 years, the siblings of INS Arihant will be on board.
Looking at the rate of development of INS Arihant, we can expect 10 to be 20…. maybe more years for its siblings to come on board!
5 . Who else will help than our dear friend Russia!!
The Arihant, which is the first of five nuclear missile submarines or SSBNs planned for induction, has also undergone deep sea dives off Vishakhapatnam where it was build. A Russian diving support ship —the RFS Epron that arrived on October 1 — has been accompanying the Arihant on its deep sea dives and launch tests. Testing was successful and INS Arihant stood rock solid.
6 .The Arihant incidentally did not take part in the IFR (International Fleet Review) even though it was ready due to security concerns. The presence of 24 foreign warships, equipped with sensors and equipment that could pick up vital electronic intelligence being the main deterrent.
The Navy managed to keep under wraps several weapon launch tests from the Arihant over the past five months. This was turned into a super secret mission.
7 .INS Arihant is one of the biggest Subs of Indian Navy. Its length is 111m (364 ft), breath 11m (36 ft) and a beam of 15m (49 ft). It has a weight of 6,000 tonnes! It even has a great speed. It’s surface speed is 12-15 knots (22-28 kmph) and submerged speed is 24 knots (44 kmph).
8 .INS Arihant is a complete package of destruction and mass annihilation.The eye opener fact about INS Arihant is its firepower. NS Arihant is equipped with 12 K-15 short-range ballistic missiles, each 10-metre long and weighing 6.3 tonnes.
Each missile has a 1-ton nuclear warhead and can hit targets 700 km away. The range of the missiles can be drastically extended to 2,000 km by reducing the payload to around 200 kg. It can also carry four K-4 missile with a range of 3,500 km when carrying a 2.5 tonne warhead. The distance of Kashmir to Kanyakumari is 2856 km. So you can guess the range!
In addition to that, the sub will also carry six torpedoes and other anti-ship/land attack cruise missiles. It is enough to scare away anyone.
9 .The vessel will be powered by an 85 megawatts pressurised light-water reactor with enriched uranium fuel. A land-based prototype of the reactor was first built at Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu and made operational in September 2006. Successful operation over a period of three years yielded the data that enabled the production version for Arihant. Tata Power built the control systems for the submarine. The systems for the steam turbine integrated with the reactor are supplied by Walchandnagar Industries.
Our dearest friend, Russia helped in reducing the size of reactor that would fit in the Submarine. They must have quoted James Bond movie while helping us, “From Russia with love”!
10 .INS Arihant has a crew size of 95. Yes, 95! Imagine 95 people working in that sub that will be kilometers deep in the ocean.
This Sub is simply amazing!
At present, work is already in progress on two more Arihant class submarines at the Ship Building Center (SBC) in Vishakhapatnam which will be larger and more advanced than the first boat. The navy is also accelerating work on INS Varsha – a new strategic naval base with underground pens on the Eastern Coast near Kakinada – where the nuclear assets would be based.
The Navy’s Submarine Design Bureau is also presently working on a new class of nuclear powered attack submarines (SSNs) that it hopes to induct within the next 15 years. The plan is to build at least six SSNs in India, with financial sanction given last year for the project that could cost upwards of Rs 90,000 crore. At present, the only nuclear powered platform in service is the INS Chakra, a Akula class SSN on lease from Russia.